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To obtain the moment of inertia for the wing buy 30gm acticin mastercard acne when pregnant, we will assume that the wing can be approximated by a thin rod pivoted at one end purchase acticin 30gm otc stop acne. The maximum angular velocity max can be calculated from the maximum linear velocity vmax at the center of the wing vmax max (6 buy 30gm acticin overnight delivery acne 5 days before period. When the wings are decelerated toward the end of the stroke, this energy must be dissipated. During the downstroke, the kinetic energy is dissipated by the muscles themselves and is converted into heat. The wing joints of these insects contain a pad of elastic, rubberlike protein called resilin (Fig. The kinetic energy of the wing is converted into potential energy in the stretched resilin, which stores the energy much like a spring. Using a few simplifying assumptions, we can calculate the amount of energy stored in the stretched resilin. Although the resilin is bent into a com- plex shape, we will assume in our calculation that it is a straight rod of area A and length. Furthermore, we will assume that throughout the stretch the resilin obeys Hookes law. This is not strictly true as the resilin is stretched by a considerable amount and therefore both the area and Youngs modulus change in the process of stretching. Typically, in an insect the size of a bee the volume of the resilin may be equivalent to a cylinder 2 102 cm long and 4 104 cm2 in area. We will assume that the length of the resilin rod is increased by 50% when stretched. Experiments show that as much as 80% of the kinetic energy of the wing may be stored in the resilin. The hind legs of the ea, for exam- ple, also contain resilin, which stores energy for jumping (see Exercise 6-3). Compute the force on the body of the insect that must be generated during the downward wing stroke to keep the insect hovering. Referring to the discussion in the text, compute the point of attachment to the wing of muscle B in Fig. Assume that the shape of the resilin in each leg of the ea is equivalent to a cylinder 2 102 cm long and 104 cm2 in area. If the change in the length of the resilin is 102 cm, calculate the energy stored in the resilin. How large would these pads have to be in order for them to store 1 enough energy for a m jump? In the next three chapters, we will discuss the behavior of liquids and gases, both of which play an important role in the life sci- ences. The dierences in the physical properties of solids, liquids, and gases are explained in terms of the forces that bind the molecules. In a solid, the molecules are rigidly bound; a solid therefore has a denite shape and vol- ume. The molecules constituting a liquid are not bound together with su- cient force to maintain a denite shape, but the binding is suciently strong to maintain a denite volume. Therefore a gas has neither a denite shape nor a denite volumeit completely lls the vessel in which it is contained. Fluids and solids are governed by the same laws of mechan- ics, but, because of their ability to ow, uids exhibit some phenomena not found in solid matter. In this chapter we will illustrate the properties of uid pressure, buoyant force in liquids, and surface tension with examples from biology and zoology. When a force is applied to one section of a solid, this force is transmitted to the other parts of the solid with its direction unchanged. Because of a uids ability to ow, it transmits a force uniformly in all directions. A uid in a container exerts a force on all parts of the container in contact with the uid. The pressure in a uid increases with depth because of the weight of the uid above. In a uid of constant density, the dierence in pressure, P2 P1, between two points separated by a vertical distance h is P2 P1 gh (7. The relationship between the torr and several of the other units used to measure pressure follows: 1 torr 1mmHg 13. Because the pressure throughout the uid is the same, the force F2 acting on the area A2 in Fig. There are, however, soft-bodied animals (such as the sea anemone and the earthworm) that lack a rm skeleton. For the purpose of understanding the movements of an animal such as a worm, we can think of the animal as consisting of a closed elastic cylinder lled with a liquid; the cylinder is its hydrostatic skeleton.

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Rifampicin 450600mg/day: abnormal liver func- Occupational asthma can occur in response to pre- tion tests cheap acticin 30 gm acne needle. Ethambutol 15mg/kg/day: optic neuritis with col- ics industry (colophony in solder ux) buy generic acticin 30 gm on-line acne genetics, paint sprayers our vision and acuity reduced buy acticin 30gm low price acne 9 month old. Streptomycin 1g/day by intramuscular injection: epoxy resins or platinum salts, and those in the vertigo and nerve deafness. All these are recognised presence of raised blood urea, the dosage is reduced to for compensation under industrial injuries legislation 0. Respiratory disease 125 Aetiology is associated with male gender, obesity and evening alcohol consumption. It is a risk factor for the devel- Exposure to mouldy hay (Micropolyspora faeni) opment of hypertension and has been associated with causes farmers lung, to mouldy sugar cane causes type 2 diabetes, ischaemic heart disease and stroke. Management involves taminated malting barley (Aspergillus clavatus) slimming and alcohol reduction, followed by contin- causes malt workers lung. There is little or no mutation in the factor V gene causes resistance to obstruction. A deep vein throm- bosis should be regarded as potential pulmonary em- Obstructive sleep apnoea bolus and must be suspected, diagnosed and treated as an emergency. The sleep apnoea syndrome has been dened as absence of airow in periods of at least 10s occurring at least 5 times per hour during sleep, with daytime Clinical features drowsiness. The clinical features of deep venous thrombosis There are repeated episodes of upper airways ob- include: struction during sleep with hypoxaemia and sudden arousal. Swelling of the calf also Lung perfusion scan occurs in rupture of a Bakers cyst behind the knee. An Thismayshow underperfusionofoneormorepartsof effusion of the knee makes this more likely. The cyst the lung that are radiologically normal (and ventilated can often be shown on ultrasound. Combined ventilation and perfusion scans Clinical presentation (of pulmonary These may be helpful in pre-existent lung disease in embolus) which ventilation and perfusion defects are usually matched. A normal scan virtually excludes pulmonary This depends upon the size of the embolus. Transient faints and dyspnoea, with slight cases presenting difculty in diagnosis. Usuallyresultsininfarctionandproduces, rate for the evaluation of pulmonary embolism. Investigation Chest X-ray Treatment This may demonstrate: Prophylaxis is given pre- and postoperatively, espe-. For established deep vein thrombosis or pulmon- Electrocardiogram changes usually occur only with ary embolism, patients are usually treated with low larger emboli but are then common. The character- molecular weight heparin initially, followed by war- istic changes are as follows (see also p. Lung biopsy, either open by thoracotomy ortransbronchialviaabronchoscope,maybediagnos-. Thereisalveolitiswithlymphocyticandplasmacell failure inltration and diffuse pulmonary brosis. Lung The chest X-ray may appear normal in all of these at transplantation shouldbe considered, althoughabout the time of presentation. Hyperventilation syndrome may be the presenting symptomofpsychiatricdiseaseandthepatientshould be asked about symptoms of anxiety and depression and enquiries made about personality previously. The Adult respiratory distress breathlessness is usually episodic and not directly related to degree of exertion (often even occurring at syndrome rest). It is frequently described as an inability to take a deep breath or shortage of oxygen. These include sepsis, trauma (lung contusion or Tetanymayoccur withcarpopedalspasm. It can occur in association with pneumonia, and may be drug-induced (heroin, barbiturates). The pulmonary Fibrosing alveolitis oedema is caused by capillary leakage rather than the elevated left atrial pressure of heart failure. Clinical features It is characterised by: The disease begins in middle age and presents with. Thereisanassociation with autoimune diseases, particularly rheumatoid Treatment arthritis. This should be aimed at the underlying condition, although in many cases the lung injury has already Investigation occurred. Ventilation with positive end-expiratory ThearterialPaO2isreducedandhyperventilationmay pressure is usually necessary.

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Interferon regulatory factor alcoholic liver disease: role of C1q in the pathogenesis of etha- 3 and type I interferons are protective in alcoholic liver injury in nol-induced liver injury in mice purchase 30 gm acticin with mastercard acne under chin. Gastroenterology 2010 generic acticin 30gm on line skin care with vitamin c;139: mice by way of crosstalk of parenchymal and myeloid cells cheap acticin 30gm with visa acne yellow crust. Arch Biochem Biophys 2009; sponse-1 transcription factor is essential for ethanol-induced 482:104111. Gastroenterology 2008; dehyde-induced mitochondrial dysfunction sensitizes hepato- 134:11481158. Role of transglutami- binding activity of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor al- nase 2 in liver injury via cross-linking and silencing of transcrip- pha is inhibited by ethanol metabolism. The anti-inammatory receptor 4 regulates brosis-associated angiogenesis in the effects of adiponectin are mediated via a heme oxygenase-1- liver. Hepatology 1996;24: dent and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand- 11561160. Gastroenterology 2008;134:248 and oxidative stress in HepG2 cells treated with ethanol, acet- 258. Alcohol and hepatocellular induces production of proinammatory cytokine interleukin-8 carcinoma. Proc Natl Acad Sci cytokines upregulate inammation in response to peptidoglycan U S A 2009;106:15481553. Rat hepatocytes and Kupffer cells interact to produce epigenetics in the actions of alcohol. J Cell Physiol 2007;213: expression in intestinal epithelial cells and its potential role in 286300. Gastroenterology 1997;112:2073 choline decient diet-induced nonalcoholic steatohepatitis mod- 2088. Mechanisms of alcohol-induced hepatic cell accumulation in mice and humans with alcoholic and nonal- brosis: a summary of the Ron Thurman Symposium. Hepatology 2004;39: stimulating factor induces proliferation of hepatic progenitors in 13901397. J Clin Gas- long-term outcome of severe alcohol-induced hepatitis treated troenterol 2004;38:292295. Current concepts and controversies in thionine in alcoholic liver cirrhosis: a randomized, placebo-con- the treatment of alcoholic hepatitis. J Hepatol 2010;52: review: glucocorticosteroids for alcoholic hepatitisa Cochrane 759764. Anabolic-androgenic steroids trial sequential analyses of randomized clinical trials. Propylthiouracil for alcoholic severe alcoholic hepatitis treated with steroids: early response liver disease. Hepatology 2007;45:1348 holic patients with cirrhosis of the liver: results of a controlled, 1354. In vitro steroid resis- versus corticoids alone: a multicentre, randomized, controlled tance correlates with outcome in severe alcoholic hepatitis. Ann Intern Med short-term survival in severe acute alcoholic hepatitis: a double- 1990;112:917920. Gastroenterology 2007;132:687 prednisolone for severe alcoholic hepatitis: a randomized con- 697. Pentoxifylline for rates alcoholic liver injury in a murine model of chronic-binge alcoholic hepatitis. The signicance of the in patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis is inefcient in non- complement system for the pathogenesis of age-related macular responders to corticosteroids. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2011;249:163 steroids with iniximab or placebo in severe alcoholic hepatitis: 174. Gastroenterology 2007; antiapoptotic caspase inhibitor, may lower aminotransferase 132:25332541. J Hepatol 2006;45: Institut dInvestigacions Biomdiques August Pi i Sunyer, Centro de 306320. In general, drug therapy is not indicated in managing diarrhea in children, although zinc supplementation Author Disclosure and probiotic use show promise. Drs Granado-Villar, Cunill-De Sautu, and Objectives After reading this article, readers should be able to: Granados have disclosed no nancial 1. Understand the importance of early feedings on the nutritional status of a child who commentary does has gastroenteritis. Fully understand that antidiarrheal agents are not indicated nor recommended in the an unapproved/ treatment of acute gastroenteritis in children. Recognize the role of vomiting in the clinical presentation of acute gastroenteritis. Introduction Acute gastroenteritis is an extremely common illness among infants and children world- wide.

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It irritates the urinary and genital tract all found to have a significant impact on the prevalence of and can cause infection 30 gm acticin mastercard acne canada scarf, scarring discount 30gm acticin overnight delivery skin care hospitals in bangalore, and burning of the one or more sexual problems cheap acticin 30gm with amex acne pills. In some cases, it can be life an important gender difference: increasing age was more threatening. No one should try any aphrodisiac without consistently associated with sexual problems among consulting a physician (Brown, 1995). Thus, sexual problems among women and men appear to share similar correlates, but physical factors Other alternative remedies may play a larger role among men. In one small study, 78% of men who had impotence issues as well that influence their sexual satisfaction and 452 Sci. Ginkgo biloba: Phytotherapy review & commentary care physicians and nurse practitioners need to initiate Townsend. American Materia Medica, Therapeutics and Pharmacognosy Eclectic Medical Publications: Portland Ore, p. Eleuthrococcus senticosus: Current status as an examination, and a limited laboratory evaluation are often adaptogen. The Eclectic Materia Medica, Pharmacology and Therapeutics Eclectic Medical Publications Portland, Ore, p. Lipid peroxidation, oxygen radicals cell damage and Due to the high incidence of underlying cardiovascular antioxidant therapy. Men with consensus on sexual dysfunction and cardiac risk: new guidelines for sexual medicine. Smoking May Increase Risk of Impotence Medical further evaluation and management prior to treating their Tribune. Double blind trial of yohimbine in treatment of recommends that patients be educated regarding these psychogenic impotence. Erectile dysfunction* is when you cannot get or keep an erection firm enough to have sex. An erection occurs when blood flow into the penis increases, making the penis larger and firmer. Hormones, blood vessels, nerves, and muscles all work together to cause an erection. When your brain senses a sexual urge, it starts an erection Brain Spinal Cord Nerve signals Penis Testes When your brain senses a sexual urge, it starts an erection by sending nerve signals to the penis. The nerve signals cause the muscles in the penis to relax and let blood flow into the spongy tissue in the penis. After orgasm or when the man is no longer aroused, the veins open up and blood flows back into the body. You may not feel as close with your sexual partner, which may strain your relationship. When you meet with your doctor, you might use phrases like, Ive been having problems in the bedroom or Ive been having erection problems. If talking with your doctor doesnt put you at ease, ask for a referral to another doctor. Your doctor may send you to a urologista doctor who specializes in sexual and urinary problems. Bring a list of all the medicines you take, or the actual medicines, to show to your doctor. Mental Health Questions Your doctor may ask you questions about your mental health. The doctor may also ask your sexual partner questions to get more information about the problem. As part of the exam, the doctor will examine your testes and penis, take your blood pressure, and check for problems with your blood flow. Blood Tests A blood test involves drawing your blood at a doctors office or a commercial facility and sending the sample to a lab for analysis. Low levels of testosterone in your blood can explain why you may have lost interest in sex. Nighttime Erection Test During a nighttime erection test, you wear a plastic band around your penis to test whether you have nighttime erections. Another test uses an electronic device that can record the number of erections, how long they last, and how firm they are. If you do not have these erections, you probably have nerve damage or poor blood flow to your penis. Injection Test During an injection test, the doctor will inject a medicine into your penis to cause an erection. If the erection is not firm or does not last, it may mean you have a problem with blood flow.

Drug and alcohol abuse can be treated and this may Men with hormonal or metabolic disorders such restore erectile function purchase 30 gm acticin visa skincare for men. Men with low testosterone as diabetes may need to see a specialist who levels may be helped with testosterone treatment discount acticin 30 gm on-line acne laser removal. Usually there will not be a specifc treatment that If surgery is needed buy acticin 30gm line skin care pakistan, or if there are other will lead to the improvement of erectile dysfunction. Many doctors have the necessary skills such as diabetes and heart disease, difculties alone will not fx the underlying health to discuss erectile problems in detail and to give so it is important to problem, which if left untreated can have serious support through this difcult phase. Tis is why over a few months may be needed to help re-establish men with erectile dysfunction need to see their local normal erectile function. Psychosocial problems are important and may cause Young, healthy men may at times worry about erectile dysfunction by themselves or together with their sexual performance, such as when starting a other causes of erectile dysfunction, such as diabetes new relationship or seeing advertisements for sexual and heart disease. Tey may seek many factors cause tensions, which can afect sexual treatment in the belief that they can improve their relations. For some men, these problems can become sex life, even when they dont have erection problems. It is important to know that the counselling for your anxiety, and if medication for longer erectile dysfunction is left untreated, the greater erectile dysfunction is used it should be in conjunction the efect on relationships. Taking medicines for erectile early treatment of erectile dysfunction is important. Surgical treatments are an erectile dysfunction Tere are three main types of treatments. Te doctor erections) should should be supported will usually talk about all the types of treatment option for men who have not been able to get a good be given by with counselling so that a man (and/or couple) knows about the erection with non-invasive or injectable treatments. Some private health insurance Non-invasive Tablet medicines like Viagra, Cialis treatments and Levitra schemes may include packages with rebates for private prescriptions. Injectable treatments Penile injections such as Caverject Surgery Penile prosthesis What are the tablet medicines? A full course tadalafl known as Cialis of treatment should be tried before looking at vardenafl known as Levitra. Doctors prescribing these injections should be correctly trained to manage any problems, such as priapism (prolonged erections). To work correctly, the most men with erectile dysfunction, allowing cause erections but medicines need to be in the bodys system at least 30 intercourse in about 70% of users. Tese tablets are usually used on demand, when sexual activity is desired and planned. Indigestion treatments for erectile dysfunction should not people on nitrate and headaches can happen but these problems be prescribed: medicines. If you generally become less frequent with ongoing use of When taking nitrate medicines are prescribed the medicines. Muscle aches, like those caused by erectile dysfunction Treatments in the nitrate family that are sometimes infuenza can also happen. Most side-efects will only Nitrates come in a variety of forms last an hour or two. Te safety of taking the treatments with Tere are reported instances of death and already have heart an unstable heart disease needs to be checked on an hospitalisation of men purchasing contaminated problems individual basis and should be talked about with your erectile dysfunction medicines over the Internet. On the other hand a history What external devices are available for of previous heart attack or heart surgery does not rule erectile dysfunction? When a man is able to get an erection, but has Are there other tablet medicines for difculty in keeping it, a rubber ring placed around erectile dysfunction? As air natural products and other compounded medicines is pumped out of the cylinder, the pressure build up to help erectile problems. Some clinics sell home helps draw blood into the penis, causing the penis to made mixtures of medicines which can be very enlarge. A rubber ring is then placed around the base expensive and for which there is no good information of the penis to keep the erection. Men in longer-term Injecting medicines into the penis to cause erections relationships may fnd the use of external devices a started in the late 1970s. A penile External devices for getting an erection often do injection works very well at causing an erection not work as well as other forms of treatment. It comes in 10 and 20 mcg doses, in a dual chamber syringe (powder in one chamber and sterile water in the other) and can be stored at room temperature. In some situations combinations of medicines may be needed to get an erection and these are usually available through doctors specialising in treatments for erectile dysfunction. Erections lasting more than six Men need to be taught how to inject themselves into Penile injections are generally suitable for long-term hours can damage the penis correctly. Several supervised injections in use and have not been linked with any major side- the penis.

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Can J Diabetes detection of type 2 diabetes in high-risk individuals with nondiagnostic 2014 acticin 30gm overnight delivery skin care 50s;38:22936 purchase acticin 30gm visa acne x out. The association of type 2 diabetes and insulin driven diabetes complications mobile screening program in Alberta discount acticin 30gm amex acne on cheeks, Canada. Can J Ophthalmol type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance and lipid oxidation in Pima Indians. Distribution of glyoxalase I programs to prevent vision loss from diabetic retinopathy in rural and polymorphism among Zuni Indians: The Zuni Kidney Project. International association of diabetes diabetic nephropathy, adiposity and insulin secretion in American Indians. Hum and pregnancy study groups recommendations on the diagnosis and classi- Mol Genet 2015;24:298596. Diabetes in pregnancy among A private mutation in Oji-Cree associated with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care indigenous women in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States. The link between adverse childhood experi- prior gestational diabetes, Oklahoma, 20122013. Adverse childhood experiences and risk type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin. Sweet blood and social suffering: Rethinking cause-effect relation- of lifestyle intervention or metformin for diabetes prevention: An intent-to- ships in diabetes, distress, and duress. Cultural factors related to the maintenance of health matic stress, and gambling problems among urban aboriginal adults in Canada. Psychosocial predictors of weight loss among 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease: A randomized controlled trial. Nephrol American Indian and Alaska Native participants in a diabetes prevention trans- Dial Transplant 2010;25:32606. Health promotion and diabetes care system or service level attributes on health outcomes of Indigenous people prevention in American Indian and Alaska Native communitiestraditional with type 2 diabetes: A systematic review. Seeds of resistance, seeds of hope: primary healthcare setting: A randomised cluster trial in remote Indigenous Place and agency in the conservation of biodiversity. Peer mentoring for type 2 diabetes pre- diabetes care in Australian Indigenous communities. An example of knowledge translation from worker management of poorly controlled type 2 diabetes in north Queen- the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project. Impact of a quality improvement program Prenatal and early infancy risk factors among native canadians. Inuence of a quality improvement surements with subsequent gestational diabetes in Aboriginal women. Improving chronic care through management intervention for Native Hawaiians and Pacic People: Partners continuing education of interprofessional primary healthcare teams: A process in care. Gestational age specic stillbirth risk among research integrates behavioral and biological research to achieve health equity Indigenous and non-Indigenous women in Queensland, Australia: A popula- for native Hawaiians. Exploring the experiences of urban rst nations the borderland between anthropology, medicine, and psychiatry. Exploring Canadian physicians egies for breaking the stereotypes and changing the conversation. Patient-centred medicine: Reasonable management of glucose but poor management of complications. Structural competency: Theorizing a new medical ments by nurse case managers to control hyperglycemia. It remains the case however, that whilst people can now live more normal lives there is still no cure for diabetes. In England alone, there are more than a million people diagnosed with diabetes, and the number continues to grow. The burden of the disease falls disproportionately on people from minority ethnic groups and those from socially-excluded groups. Type 2 diabetes is up to six times more common in people of South Asian descent and up to three times more common amongst those of African and African-Caribbean origin. Morbidity from diabetes complications is three-and-a-half times higher amongst the poorest people in our country than the richest. Diabetes can still have a devastating impact on individuals and on their families. Compared with other European countries, Britain has a poor record of blood glucose control and blood pressure control. We have higher rates of heart attacks and strokes, foot ulcers, renal failure and nerve damage.

Several researches were used to provide enough information and to support the theory buy acticin 30gm low price acne zapper. Several data from published researched articles were involved in building up the contents of this thesis cheap acticin 30 gm otc acne 39 weeks pregnant. The reviews are limited to the studies of those mentioned conditions because the information is sufficient enough to represent the whole context of this thesis acticin 30 gm amex acne on neck. It helps in the publication of correct data and reliable information on the website. The characteristic of depression is often manifested by irritability, boredom, or an inability to feel pleasure rather than sadness. Untreated depression can last for seven to nine months and depressive episodes are likely to recur and persist even up to adulthood. Depressive symptoms are commonly seen in children and adolescents, and because of this matter, it is hard to put a boundary between normal and pathological signs of depression. Depression affects childs or adolescents daily activities an can cause negative impact on their social functioning, school performance, and overall well-being, as well as putting them at risk for suicide. In children, the prevalence rate of depression between boys and girls were found to be similar but increased in girls as they reach puberty. The vulnerability of females over males was contributed to the involvement of hormonal and environmental factors. The symptoms of depression can vary with age and childs level of cognitive and social developments. In pre-school age and infants, studies for depression are limited; therefore, the existence of syndromes manifested in very young children is unclear. There are different contributing factors that promote the development of depression in children and adolescents. While an early recognition may help prevent the destructing nature of depression to further develop, an early signs of child and adolescent depression may also be difficult to recognize. There are also other problems in children that showed similar symptoms with depression so accurate diagnoses that differentiate mental illness and medical conditions are important. A professional with specialized training is needed to properly assess and treat depression. Treatment for the severe case can be hard, hence, it is crucial to understand and consider the risk factors. Small children may find it difficult to express their feelings and tell hard issues through language; hence, for their age level a play therapy is recommended. Since untreated depression may cause negative outcomes in the future; therefore, an early recognition of the illness is important so proper treatment can be applied thus reduce the global burden of depression. They have a sense of identity and self-worth, an ability to be productive and to learn, and a capacity to tackle developmental challenges and use cultural resources to maximize growth. Moreover, the good mental health of children and adolescents is crucial for their active social and economic participation. Their mental disorders manifest themselves in many areas and in different ways which are poorly understood and the affected children are mistakenly viewed as not trying hard enough or as troublemakers. According to Karasz (2004, 1626), even though depression is common in some societies and is considered as a major health problem, yet seeking for treatment is rare especially in the non-western societies. This thesis intends to portrait the common mental health problem in children and adolescents around the world. Depression in children and adolescents is a prevailing mental illness which carries a significant burden in terms of social, educational, interpersonal, economic and impaired future developmental outcomes (Hankin et al. Once they appear, depressive symptoms remain present and problematic for many youngsters throughout childhood, adolescence and beyond. A future study regarding the most suitable treatment for each age group is still needed. Understanding and recognizing the early signs of depression, as well as the treatment and prevention, helps reduce the global burden that persists from depression among young groups. Families and guardians are in a unique position to provide interventions to promote healthy lifestyles and reduce the likelihood of depression on their children. Promoting a positive family environment has been found to be one of the effective preventive methods for depression among children. Our WebPages intend to benefit the parents and guardian on some important matters about childrens mental health. The WebPages are available on the internet for free so everyone can easily access to it. The information provided came from reliable sources, and source details are listed in case the readers need more clarification. Even if they are accessible to the public, the existence of the WebPages may not be known by others who might need it.